The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council (A/67/845–S/2013/245) issued on 15 May 2013.
Notwithstanding progress in the implementation of the action plan and although the national army of Chad did not recruit children as a matter of policy, the country task force verified 34 cases of recruitment of children by the army during the reporting period. In June 2012, a joint verification mission by the Government and the United Nations identified 24 children in an army training centre. An additional 10 cases were verified by the head of the army in the Moussoro training centre in September 2012 in the framework of the action plan. All 34 children appeared to have been enlisted in the context of a recruitment drive between February and March 2012, during which the army gained 8,000 new recruits.
Following the repatriation of 362 former FPR combatants from the Central African Republic, 26 children between 11 and 17 years of age were identified and informally released on 12 October 2012 during a joint mission by the United Nations and the Ministry of Social Welfare. An additional 23 children were identified by the International Committee of the Red Cross on 23 October 2012. There were no reports of recruitment and use of children by the Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) during the reporting period. In March 2012, the country task force received allegations of recruitment of displaced children by unidentified armed elements in Assoungha and Kemiti. These cases are yet to be verified.
With regard to the implementation of the action plan signed between the Government and the United Nations in June 2011, my Special Representative intensified dialogue with the Government to accelerate the implementation process. In February 2012, the Government appointed technical focal points in the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of Social Welfare and, in May 2012, the Prime Minister appointed his legal adviser as a high-level focal point to support implementation. In addition, the army reiterated its commitment to facilitating access to the United Nations for verification of military sites and issued a series of military directives prohibiting underage recruitment, calling upon the Chief of Staff of the army, the Director General of the National Gendarmerie and the Director General of the Garde nationale et nomade to ensure their full and swift implementation.
Those positive steps notwithstanding, further measures are needed to strengthen the screening mechanisms for recruitment by the army and procedures need to be finalized to prevent the enlistment of children. While the issuance of military directives concerning the prohibition of underage recruitment is consistent with the action plan, such instructions need to clearly spell out sanctions for breaches, as set out in the action plan. Furthermore, no investigations into allegations of recruitment and use of children were undertaken, nor was disciplinary action taken against recruiters.
The actions taken by the Government for the release, temporary care and reunification of separated children, while encouraging, are not yet in line with the commitments made in the action plan. For example, 18 of the 24 children identified in Mongo were not part of a separation process involving the United Nations and therefore could not benefit from reintegration assistance. Similarly, the 10 children identified in the Moussoro training centre were released and reunited with their families in N’Djamena without receiving reintegration support.
Parties in Chad
- National Army of Chad.This party has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005). (a)