Lord’s Resistance Army and the Central African region
The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council (A/68/878–S/2014/339) issued on 15 May 2014.
Despite continuing reports of sporadic attacks and abductions of children by LRA across the LRA-affected region, LRA has morphed into smaller cells and appears to have changed its modus operandi owing to the military pressure of the African Union regional task force. However, the instability in the Central African Republic and South Sudan could heighten the risk of an LRA resurgence in those areas. Attacks by LRA in 2013 largely took place in remote areas in the north-eastern region of Haut-Kotto prefecture of the Central African Republic, and in the Uélé districts of Orientale Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo. The United Nations recorded 353,000 persons, among them many children, displaced in areas affected by LRA.
During the reporting period, four boys were reportedly recruited by LRA in the Central African Republic and the Democratic Republic of the Congo, marking a drastic decrease in reported cases compared to previous years. In addition, two girls were killed by LRA elements in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Abductions of children by LRA remained stable with 65 cases reported from the south-eastern region of the Central African Republic (47) and the Democratic Republic of the Congo’s Haut-Uélé district (18). The children were used for looting and the transport of pillaged goods and released within a short period of time. It is important to note that children, in particular girls, abducted or recruited by LRA are regularly subjected to sexual violence.
In 2013, 177 children were separated from LRA, including 121 Congolese, 47 Central Africans, 8 Ugandans and 1 South Sudanese. UNICEF and partners were supporting a transit centre in Yambio, South Sudan, where children received psychosocial counselling and medical services together with ongoing family tracing.