Action Plans with Armed Forces and Armed Groups
Parties to conflict listed in the Secretary-General’s annual report on children and armed conflict are requested by the Security Council to develop action plans to address grave violations against children.
An action plan is a written, signed commitment between the United Nations and those parties who are listed as having committed grave violations against children in the Secretary-General’s Annual Report on Children and Armed Conflict. Each action plan is designed to address a specific party’s situation, and outlines concrete, time-bound steps that lead to de-listing and compliance with international law, as well as a safer, more protected future for children.
Activities included in action plans
For example, an agreement to end the recruitment and use of children includes the following actions:
- Criminalize the recruitment and use of children by armed forces and issue a military order to stop and prevent child recruitment
- Investigate and prosecute those who recruit and use children
- Appoint child protection specialists in security forces
- Release all children identified in the ranks of security forces
- Provide regular, unimpeded access to military camps and bases so child protection actors can verify that no children are in the ranks
- Provide release and reintegration programmes for children
- Strengthen birth registration systems and integrate age-verification mechanisms in recruitment procedures
- Implement national campaigns to raise awareness and to prevent the recruitment of children
A party to conflict shall be eligible for de-listing upon United Nations verification that all activities have been successfully implemented.
Signed action plans
To date, 20 listed parties have signed action plans, including 6 Government forces and 14 non-State armed groups. Of those, 5 parties have fully complied with the action plan and have subsequently been de-listed.
|Afghanistan||Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) - 30 Jan 2011|
|Central African Republic||Armée Populaire pour La Restauration de La Démocratie (APRD) - Oct 2011; The Convention of Patriots for Justice and Peace (CPJP) - Nov 2011|
|Chad||Armée Nationale Tchadienne (ANT) - 15 June 2011|
|Cote d’Ivoire||Forces Armées des Forces Nouvelles (FAFN) – Nov 2005; Front de libération du Grand Ouest (FLGO) - Sept 2006; Mouvement Ivoirien de Libération de l’Ouest de la Côte d’Ivoire (MILOCI) - Sept 2006; Alliance patriotique de l’ethnie Wè (APWé) – Sept 2006; Union patriotique de résistance du Grand Ouest (UPRGO) – Sept 2006|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo (FARDC) – Action plans on recruitment and Sexual Violence – Oct 2012|
|Myanmar||Tatmadaw Kyi – 27 June 2012|
|Nepal||Unified Communist Party of Nepal (UCPN-M) – Dec 2009|
|Philippines||Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) – July 2009|
|Sri Lanka||Tamil Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal (TMVP) – 2008|
|Somalia||Transitional Federal Government (TFG) – 3 July 2012 and 6 August 2012|
|South Sudan||Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) – Nov 2009 and March 2012|
|Sudan||Sudan Liberation Army Minnawi (SLA Minnawi) - June 2007; Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) – Nov 2009; Sudan Liberation Army Free Will (SLA/Free Will) – June 2010; Sudan Liberation Army Abu Gasim (SLA/Abu Gasim) – 2010|
|Uganda||Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) - Jan 2009|
Dialogue with the aim of protecting children
The United Nations engages in child protection dialogue with armed forces or armed groups for the purpose of developing and implementing time-bound action plans. Entering into dialogue to achieve agreements on action plans does not constitute recognition of an armed force or group.