Freetown – The visiting Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Children and Armed Conflict, Mr. Olara Otunnu, on Sunday, 23 February, met with representatives of the Children’s Forum Network, an advocacy group run by children, in Freetown for a discussion on the challenges facing young people in the post-conflict period.
Speaking to the group of over 60 children, the Special Representative reminded them that the dark period that engulfed Sierra Leone was now over. “There is some sunshine now: fighting has stopped and things have improved.” He recalled his visit to the country in 1999 when thousands of children had been abducted and given guns to fight, and noted that with the ongoing crises in Liberia and Côte d’Ivoire, there may be some Sierra Leonean child ex-combatants who are being attracted to go and fight there. “You must work to ensure it does not happen,” he said.
The Special Representative told the Network that he had been assured by the Special Court for Sierra Leone that children would not face charges, but stressed that crimes committed against children should figure prominently in its upcoming prosecutions. Mr. Otunnu warned, however, that although children would not be tried by the Court, this was not a license for children to do terrible things, and that with rights accorded to children come responsibilities.
Earlier, the President of the Network, Chernor Bah, briefed Mr. Otunnu on some of the challenges facing children in Sierra Leone. Bah narrated how children were abducted, killed, raped and used to kill during the war, which he referred to as “a period of darkness.”
The impact of the conflict continued to be felt by children, noted Bah, with a high rate of child prostitution, a growing number of street children and the HIV/AIDS pandemic. The United Nations should be a major instrument for effecting change in the lives of the children, urged the President of the Children’s Forum. Other children raised the issues of access to education, the need for special efforts on behalf of disabled children and the slow pace of justice in cases of rape of children. Mr. Otunnu said change would not happen overnight, but pledged to raise the children’s concerns at a later meeting with President Ahmad Tejan Kabbah.
Mr. Otunnu later visited the new premises of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission (TRC), where he inspected paintings by children depicting their expectations for the future of Sierra Leone.
The Deputy Chairperson of the Commission, Dr. Laura Marcus-Jones, told Mr. Otunnu that the Commission was working with the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) and other child protection agencies to get statements from children on their experiences in the conflict as part of the TRC’s mandate to create an impartial historical record of the war. She added that the Commission was working to put in place measures to fully protect children and prevent trauma from a recitation of their experiences.
The Special Representative underscored the importance of the TRC as a mechanism for healing and reconciliation after the war and in order to prevent a relapse into conflict. Without reconciliation, he said, there could be no durable peace. He advised the Commission to address the suffering of children as a major part of its task.
Mr. Otunnu welcomed the fact that the TRC was drawing from experiences of truth-seeking commissions in other parts of the world, particularly South Africa and Latin America and pledged the support of the UN system, especially the UN Mission in Sierra Leone (UNAMSIL), the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights and UNICEF.
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UN envoy calls on warring West African parties to cease activities affecting children
30 June – With many children gravely impacted by the conflicts in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Liberia over the last few months, a United Nations envoy today called on the parties involved to cease activities affecting children and warned that they risk prosecution for war crimes as a result of violating major international instruments such as the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, ILO Convention 182 and the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child all of which inter alia proscribe attacks on civilians and set the minimum age for conscription of children at 18 years .
Speaking to correspondents at the UN Headquarters in New York, Olara Otunnu, Secretary-General Kofi Annan’s Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict, said in both Liberia and DRC, children were among the many killed in recent clashes.
We’ve heard many reports of attacks on schools and hospitals. There is rampart recruitment and use of children as child soldiers and we have reliable reports of widespread abduction and grave sexual violence against girls in particular, Mr. Otunnu said.
The lack of humanitarian access for medical care, food and security to those in need, also made children particularly vulnerable, he added. There was also mass displacement of the population, including children who are separated from their parents, internally and cross-border.
Mr. Otunnu underlined that the abuses and atrocities committed in the conflicts violate the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) – which defined attacks on civilian targets such as schools and hospitals, recruitment and the use of children as soldiers as well as sexual violence as war crimes. They also violated the African Charter on the Rights and Well-being of Children, the International Labour Convention and four Security Council Resolutions on Children and Armed Conflict.
Stressing that the situation in the two countries presented sub-regional problems, the envoy warned that the situation in Liberia could easily undo the new-found peace in Sierra Leone and could affect Cote d’Ivoire and Guinea as well. He said the attitude and conduct of neighbouring countries also had a significant impact on what was happening in Ituri, DRC.
Mr. Otunnu called on the parties involved in the Liberian conflict to cease hostilities, particularly those affecting children and warned that they would be held accountable. He also supported the call for a more robust UN Organization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) mandate and for an increased military presence.