Chad

The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General to the Security Council (A/69/926–S/2015/409) issued on 5 June 2015.

The Chadian National Army was delisted from the annex of the previous report (A/66/782-S/2012/61) following the full implementation of the action plan to end the recruitment and use of children, signed with the United Nations in 2011. During the reporting period, no recruitment or use of children by the national army was reported. The United Nations continued to provide support to the Government of Chad, with a particular focus on training, age assessment mechanisms and birth registration.

As part of ongoing follow-up, the Government signed a protocol agreement in September with the United Nations regarding the handover of children associated with armed forces or groups. The protocol includes provisions that secure the handover of children to child protection actors, regardless of their country of origin, and ensures adequate protection of children held in detention. Prior to the development of the protocol, 44 children associated with ex-Séléka in the Central African Republic had entered Chad and been arrested. Following joint collaboration among the United Nations, the Government of Chad and a national non-governmental organization (NGO), the children were released and handed over to child protection actors for family reunification and social reintegration. The protocol is also a valuable tool for the handover of children detained in the context of operations against Boko Haram.

A total of 346 national army troops attended child protection sessions and completed the training of trainers. Predeployment training of Chadian peacekeepers continued and a total of 864 soldiers took part before their deployment to the United Nations peacekeeping mission in Mali. An additional 1,500 troops were trained in Lumia prior to their departure for Mali.

Instability in the surrounding countries of the Central African Republic, Libya and the Sudan, as well the threat posed by Boko Haram in the Lake Chad Basin area, continued to have an impact on Chad. More than 150,000 people fled the Central African Republic and thousands of Nigerians, the majority of whom were children, arrived in Chad to escape the conflict. The children, often separated from their families, had experienced distress and were in need of special care. This spillover also affected border communities where child protection services are scarce and the risk of recruitment by armed groups is high. I call upon all stakeholders and the donor community to put in place adequate monitoring and protection mechanisms in southern Chad and in the Lake Chad Basin region to prevent and end violations.

I welcome the sustained efforts of the Government of Chad to enhance the protection of children and prevent new violations. The adoption of a Child Protection Code and the Criminal Code would further strengthen the legislative framework. In the context of the Government’s participation in peacekeeping operations and in military operations against Boko Haram, I encourage the Government to continue to play a pivotal role in ensuring respect and compliance with international humanitarian and human rights law. In the of the progress made in the implementation of the action plan, the situation of Chad will be removed from the report as of 2016.