Action Plans with Armed Forces and Armed Groups
Parties to conflict listed in the Secretary-General’s annual report on children and armed conflict are requested by the Security Council to develop action plans to address grave violations against children.
An action plan is a written, signed commitment between the United Nations and those parties who are listed as having committed grave violations against children in the Secretary-General’s Annual Report on Children and Armed Conflict. Each action plan is designed to address a specific party’s situation, and outlines concrete, time-bound steps that lead to compliance with international law, de-listing, and a more protected future for children.
Activities included in action plans
For example, an agreement between Government security forces and the United Nations to end the recruitment and use of children can include the following actions:
- Criminalize the recruitment and use of children by armed forces and issue a military order to stop and prevent child recruitment
- Investigate and prosecute those who recruit and use children
- Appoint child protection specialists in security forces
- Release all children identified in the ranks of security forces
- Provide regular, unimpeded access to military camps and bases so child protection actors can verify that no children are in the ranks
- Provide release and reintegration programmes for children
- Strengthen birth registration systems and integrate age-verification mechanisms in recruitment procedures
- Implement national campaigns to raise awareness and to prevent the recruitment of children
A party to conflict shall be eligible for de-listing upon United Nations verification that all activities have been successfully implemented.
* As of November 2016, there is one additional Action Plan under implementation in Sudan, see below.
Signed action plans
To date, 25 listed parties have signed 26 action plans, including 11 Government forces and 14 non-State armed groups. Of those, 9 parties have fully complied with their action plan and were subsequently de-listed.
|Afghanistan||Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF) – 30 Jan 2011*Under implementation|
|Central African Republic||Armée Populaire pour La Restauration de La Démocratie (APRD) – 19 Oct 2011; Convention des patriotes pour la justice et la paix (CPJP) – 20 Nov 2011|
|Chad||Armée Nationale Tchadienne (ANT) – 15 June 2011 *Delisted in 2014 following compliance with action plan.|
|Cote d’Ivoire||Forces Armées des Forces Nouvelles (FAFN) – Nov 2005; Front de libération du Grand Ouest (FLGO) – Sept 2006; Mouvement Ivoirien de Libération de l’Ouest de la Côte d’Ivoire (MILOCI) – Sept 2006; Alliance patriotique de l’ethnie Wè (APWé) – Sept 2006; Union patriotique de résistance du Grand Ouest (UPRGO) – Sept 2006.*Parties delisted following compliance with Action Plan|
|Democratic Republic of the Congo||Forces Armées de la République Démocratique du Congo (FARDC) – Action plans on recruitment and Sexual Violence – 04 Oct 2012 *Under implementation|
|Myanmar||Tatmadaw Kyi – 27 June 2012*Under implementation|
|Nepal||Unified Communist Party of Nepal Maoist (UCPN-M) – 16 Dec 2009 *Delisted in 2011 following compliance with Action Plan|
|Philippines||Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF) – July 2009*Under implementation|
|Somalia||Transitional Federal Government (TFG) – 3 July 2012 and 6 August 2012 *Under implementation|
|South Sudan||Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) – 12 March 2012 (Signed as the country’s armed forces following independence in 2011); Recommitment to Action Plan signed on 24 June 2014 *Under implementation
SPLM/A- in Opposition – December 2015 *Under implementation
|Sri Lanka||Tamil Makkal Viduthalai Pulikal (TMVP) – 01 December 2008*Delisted in 2011 following compliance with Action Plan|
|Sudan||Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) – 2 November 2009 – Signed as an armed group before South Sudan’s Independence; Sudan Liberation Army Minnawi (SLA Minnawi) – 11 June 2007; Sudan Liberation Army Free Will (SLA/Free Will) – June 2010; Sudan Liberation Army Abu Gasim (SLA/Abu Gasim) – August 2010; Sudan Government security forces, including the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF), the Popular Defense Forces (PDF) and the Sudan Police Forces – 27 March 2016 *Under implementation; Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-North (SPLM-N) – 23 November 2016 *Under implementation|
|Uganda||Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) – August 2007 *Delisted in 2008 following compliance with Action Plan|
|Yemen||Yemeni Government Forces (YGF) – 14 May 2014 *Under implementation|
Dialogue with the aim of protecting children
The United Nations engages in child protection dialogue with armed forces or armed groups for the purpose of developing and implementing time-bound action plans. Entering into dialogue to achieve agreements on action plans does not constitute recognition of an armed force or group.