Monitoring and Reporting
In 2005, the Security Council established an unprecedented monitoring and reporting mechanism (MRM) on grave violations against children in armed conflict under its resolution 1612. The purpose of the MRM is to provide for the systematic gathering of accurate, timely and objective information on grave violations committed against children in armed conflict. Such information is used to foster accountability and compliance of parties to conflict with international child protection standards.
Monitoring and reporting on the six grave violations
The United Nations reports on six grave violations against children in armed conflict including:
- Killing or maiming of children;
- Recruitment or use of children by armed forces and groups;
- Sexual violence against children;
- Attacks against schools or hospitals;
- Abduction of children;
- Denial of humanitarian access for children.
The information is included in the annual report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict and country-specific reports. These reports trigger action by the Security Council and other actors.
Where is the MRM in place?
The MRM is established in country-situations where parties to conflict have been listed in the annexes of the annual report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict.
In the past, only parties that recruit and use children were included in the annexes of the annual report. In 2009, 2011, and 2015, the Security Council decided to also list armed forces and groups who kill and maim children, commit sexual violence against children, attack schools and hospitals, and abduct children.
The MRM ends when all parties in a country situation have been de-listed and all violations against children have stopped.
A website dedicated to the MRM:
Unicef, the UN Department of Peacekeeping Operations and the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General have launched a website dedicated to the MRM: www.mrmtools.org
On this website, practicioners and those interested in the MRM will find the MRM guidelines, the Field Manual as well as MRM best practices. These documents describe the purpose of the MRM, and provide comprehensive resources for practitioners responsible for implementing the MRM.