Grave Violations

Recruitment and use
children (18 boys, 0 girls)
Killing and maiming
(5 killed – 29 maimed; 30 boys – 4 girls)
Sexual violence
verified (0 girls, 0 boys)
verified incidents

*The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict (A/76/871-S/2022/493) issued on 11 July 2022. Violations that occurred in previous years but were verified in 2021 have been included in the totals above.

Developments & Concerns


  • Ongoing engagement of the Government with the Special Representative, including the interministerial meeting held in November 2021 and the appointment of a national focal point to identify priority national interventions so as to enhance the protection of children.
  • Agreement to a joint technical mission to hold interministerial, technical-level meetings with the United Nations during 2022 to identify areas of enhanced cooperation for child protection.
  • Legal and administrative framework for the protection of children and improved access to child protection services in Chhattisgarh, Assam, Jharkhand, Odisha and Jammu and Kashmir, and progress in the creation of a Jammu and Kashmir commission for the protection of children’s rights.


  • Risk of child recruitment by armed groups in affected districts.
  • Increased number of violations against children verified in Jammu and Kashmir.
  • Continued detention of children.


To the Government:

  • To strengthen child protection, including by ending the use of pellet guns against children and building the capacity of its forces.
  • To ensure that children are detained as a last resort and for the shortest appropriate period of time, and to prevent all forms of ill-treatment in detention in line, with the Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015.