The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict (A/74/845–S/2020/525) issued on 9 June 2020.
2 attacks on schools
Developments & Concerns
Ongoing discussion between the Government and the United Nations on developing an action plan to prevent child recruitment and use by the PMF;
No new cases of recruitment and use by the PMF documented since 2016;
Provision of reintegration programming by the Government with United Nations support for 100 boys separated from parties to conflict;
Facilitation of the return of children actually or allegedly associated with ISIL;
Situation of children detained on security-related charges is concerning;
Ongoing killing and maiming of children by landmines and ERW;
Implementation of the national child protection policy adopted in December 2019;
Adoption by the Government of a comprehensive law on the rights of the child criminalizing the recruitment below the age of 18 and establishing the minimum age of criminal responsibility following international juvenile justice standards;
Detention of children should be used only as a measure of last resort and for the shortest possible period of time, with respect for due process; Children must be treated primarily as victims and in line with international juvenile justice standards;
Development and implementation of a National Reintegration Programme for children affected by armed conflict by the Government;
Voluntary repatriation of foreign children formerly associated with parties to conflict facilitated by all countries concerned, in line with international law principles, including the principle of non-refoulement and with respect for the best interests of the child;
Full implementation by the Government of international legal instruments on anti-personnel mines and ERW, and promotion of clearance, mine risk education, victim assistance and stockpile destruction.