Grave Violations

Recruitment and use
children (2 boys, 0 girls)
Killing and maiming
88 killed (86 Palestinian, 2 Israeli); 1,128 maimed (1,121 Palestinian, 7 Israeli)
Sexual violence
verified (0 girls, 0 boys)
(22 schools, 112 hospitals)
verified (0 girls, 0 boys)
verified incidents

*The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict (A/76/871-S/2022/493) issued on 11 July 2022. Violations that occurred in previous years but were verified in 2021 have been included in the totals above.

Developments & Concerns


  • Increase in grave violations against children, particularly the dramatic rise in killing and maiming, including in the context of the escalation of hostilities in May 2021, despite commitments by Israeli and Palestinian parties to implement corrective measures and strengthen protection frameworks
  • Escalation in the number of children killed and maimed by Israeli forces during hostilities, in air strikes on densely populated areas and through the use of live ammunition during law enforcement operations, and by the persistent lack of accountability for these violations.
  • Increase in the number of children detained by Israel and by reports by children of physical violence directed against them during detention.
  • Increase in the killing and maiming of children by Palestinian armed groups and by recurrent incidents of recruitment and use of children.


  • To ensure Israeli forces and Palestinian armed groups abide by their obligations under international humanitarian and international human rights law
  • To encourage Israeli authorities to review and strengthen their procedures to prevent any excessive use of force, and to better protect schools.
  • To prioritize the upholding of international juvenile justice standards, including the use of detention as a measure of last resort and for the shortest appropriate period of time and to prevent any violence and ill-treatment in detention.
  • To cease the recruitment and use of children by Palestinian armed groups and to abide by their domestic and international legal obligations.
  • To end all indiscriminate launching of rockets and mortars by Palestinian armed groups from densely populated areas in Gaza towards Israeli civilian population centres.