The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict (A/72/865–S/2018/465) issued on 16 May 2018.
ASHA worker holds hand of a new born child at the Anganwadi Children’s centre in Gandhigram Village, India 2017. @UNICEF
Children continued to be affected by incidents of violence between armed groups and the Government, particularly in Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand and during tensions in Jammu and Kashmir.
Developments and Concerns
The Secretary-General welcomes the Government’s signature of the Worst Forms of Child Labour Convention, 1999 (No. 182) in June 2017, and encourages the Government to put in place measures to hold perpetrators of child recruitment and use to account and engage with the United Nations in view of ending and preventing violations against children.
2017 Reported Figures
Civilians and Children Killed
Recruitment and Use of Children: The United Nations continued to receive reports of the recruitment and use of children. Naxalites reportedly resorted to the use of a lottery system to conscript children in Jharkhand. Unverified reports also indicate the use of children as informants and spies by national security forces.
Killing and Maiming: children continued to be killed and injured in the context of operations of national security forces against armed groups. According to Government data, 188 civilians were killed in Naxalite-affected regions, although no disaggregated data on children were available.
Attacks on Schools: In Jharkhand State, suspected Naxalites elements attacked 1 school in Khunti district, partially destroying it. The occupation of over 20 schools was documented in Kashmir. Increased tensions in Jammu and Kashmir reportedly also led to school closures closures for varying periods.