The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict (A/72/865–S/2018/465) issued on 16 May 2018.
Young children play on swings in the square of Zawia. Photo: UNICEF.
Conflict continued throughout Libya, with numerous armed groups engaging in intermittent hostilities while fighting for control of territory.
Developments and Concerns
The cooperation of authorities and commanders in releasing children associated with armed actors in Zintan Municipality was encouraging, other armed groups could take similar steps.
The reports of sexual violence and other violations committed against children in Libya remain a concern, including the recruitment, use and trafficking of children. The Government of National Accord is urged to take action to address this issue without delay.
2017 Documented Figures
Incidents of Attacks against Health Facilities or Personnel
Recruitment and Use of Children: cases of the use of children by armed groups continued to be reported. In October, 125 adolescents formerly associated with armed groups in the Zintan Municipality were released. However, children were still deprived of their liberty by parties to the conflict and used in prisoner exchanges. They were arrested and detained for up to 7 weeks for their alleged association with PFG.
Killing and Maiming: At least 40 children were reportedly killed and 38 injured by air strikes, shelling, small arms fire, improvised explosive devices and explosive remnants of war.
Attacks on Schools and Hospitals:2 documented incidents of children injured by stray bullets while attending school. In addition, 18 attacks against hospitals and medical personnel were verified.
Abduction: Incidents of abduction and detention of medical personnel were also documented, including by LNA and the Special Deterrence Force.
Denial of Humanitarian Access: The United Nations continued to document incidents of denials of humanitarian access, including attacks on humanitarian actors.