The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict (A/72/361-S/2017/821) issued on 24 August 2017.
Following a discharge ceremony, two young men prepare to re-enter civilian life. Photo: UNICEF
Despite the ongoing peace process between the Government and a number of armed groups, conflict intensified in areas include Kachin and Shan states.
Developments and Concerns
The steps taken by the Government towards implementing its action plan have been noted. However, the Government is urged to accelerate the joint age verification process to allow for the expeditious release of child recruits, to continue collaboration on strengthening accountability mechanisms for all perpetrators of grave violations and to finalise all aspects of the joint action plan.
All armed groups listed in the annexes to the 2017 annual report with a view to ending and preventing violations against children and encouraging the development of action plans.
2016 Verified Figures
Cases of Recruitment and Use of Children
Incidents of Killing and Maiming
Incidents of Attacks on Schools and Hopitals
Children were Abuducted
Recruitment and Use of Children: 127 verified (489 reported) cases of recruitment and use of children, 21 of which occurred in 2016. 99 verified cases of recruitment occurred before 2016, attributed to the Tatmadaw, 17 cases were attributed to armed groups.
9 suspected cases of children documented being held in military detention for being absent without leave from the army.
Killing and Maiming:19 verified (51 documented) incidents of killing and maiming of children. 8 cases of killing of children by security forces in Rakhine state were documented.
Sexual Violence:2 cases of sexual violence were verified against 2 girls (four and nine years old) by Tatmadaw soldiers. at least 7 cases of sexual violence were documented against Rohingya girls as young as eleven during military operations in northern Rakhine State.
Attacks on Schools and Hospitals: 2 verified (6 reported) incidents of attacks on schools were attributed to the Tatmadaw and KIA, resulting in the injury of 1 teacher.
Abduction: 30 reports were received of the abduction of children, an increase compared with 2015. Verified incidents involved 20 children.
Denial of Humanitarian Access to conflict-affected areas decreased significantly in 2016, especially in Kachin, northern Shan and Rakhine States, in particular following the suspension in October of all access to Rakhine State.
Listed Parties to Conflict
Section A*: State actors
1. Tatmadaw Army, including integrated border guard forces a,†
1. Democratic Karen Benevolent Army a
2. Kachin Independence Army a
3. Karen National Liberation Army a
4. Karen National Liberation Army Peace Council a
5. Karenni Army a
6. Shan State Army-South a
7. United Wa State Army a
* Parties listed in section A have not put in place adequate measures to improve the protection of children during the reporting period; parties listed in section B have put in place measures to improve the protection of children during the reporting period. a Party that recruits and uses children. b Party that kills and maims children. c Party that commits rape and other forms of sexual violence against children. d Party that engages in attacks on schools and/or hospitals. e Party that abducts children. † Party that has concluded an action plan with the United Nations in line with Security Council resolutions 1539 (2004) and 1612 (2005).