Parties to conflict listed in the Secretary-General’s annual report on children and armed conflict are requested by the Security Council to develop action plans to address grave violations against children.
An action plan is a written, signed commitment between the United Nations and those parties who are listed as having committed grave violations against children in the Secretary-General’s Annual Report on Children and Armed Conflict. Each action plan is designed to address a specific party’s situation, and outlines concrete, time-bound steps that lead to compliance with international law, de-listing, and a more protected future for children.
Activities included in action plans
For example, an agreement between Government security forces and the United Nations to end the recruitment and use of children can include the following actions:
- Criminalize the recruitment and use of children by armed forces and issue a military order to stop and prevent child recruitment
- Investigate and prosecute those who recruit and use children
- Appoint child protection specialists in security forces
- Release all children identified in the ranks of security forces
- Provide regular, unimpeded access to military camps and bases so child protection actors can verify that no children are in the ranks
- Provide release and reintegration programmes for children
- Strengthen birth registration systems and integrate age-verification mechanisms in recruitment procedures
- Implement national campaigns to raise awareness and to prevent the recruitment of children
A party to conflict shall be eligible for delisting upon United Nations verification that all activities have been successfully implemented.
- Recently, two new action plans have been signed in the Central African Republic and one in Syria in 2019. There are currently 16 action plans under implementation.
Overall, 32 action plans have been signed since the beginning of the CAAC mandate, including 12 Government forces and 20 non-State armed groups. Of those, 12 parties have fully complied with their commitment and were subsequently delisted. Other parties have ceased to exist.
The United Nations engages in child protection dialogue with armed forces or armed groups for the purpose of developing and implementing time-bound action plans. Entering into dialogue to achieve agreements on action plans does not constitute recognition of an armed force.
Previous Action Plans