Grave Violations

Recruitment and use
children (327 boys, 67 girls)
Killing and maiming
(73 killed – 128 maimed; 132 boys – 56 girls – 13 sex unknown)
Sexual violence
children (35 girls, 0 boys)
(120 schools, 33 hospitals)
children (67 boys, 19 girls, 8 sex unknown)
verified incidents

*The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict (A/76/871-S/2022/493) issued on 11 July 2022. Violations that occurred in previous years but were verified in 2021 have been included in the totals above.

Developments & Concerns


  • Engagement of the transitional Government with the United Nations to establish a framework between the Malian armed forces and the United Nations to address grave violations against children by armed forces
  • Advances in the implementation of the Safe Schools Declaration and in revising the bill on the protection of education from attacks.
  • Signature by two Platform factions on 26 August of action plans to end and prevent child recruitment and use.
  • Organization between CMA and the United Nations of two workshops to accelerate the implementation of the 2017 action plan.


  • Continued recruitment and use of children by CMA and Platform.
  • Elevated number of grave violations against children, notably the sharp increase in attacks on schools.


To the Government:

  • To finalize the revision of the Child Protection Code by the transitional Government, criminalizing the recruitment and use of children, including those between the ages of 15 and 17.
  • To work with the United Nations to develop a national prevention strategy on grave violations against children.
  • To adopt and implement the Safe Schools Declaration.

To All Parties

  • To urge all parties to immediately cease all violations, unconditionally release associated children, protect schools and hospitals and allow the safe and unimpeded access of humanitarian actors to affected populations.