Grave Violations

Recruitment and use
children (9 boys, 54 girls)
Killing and maiming
(34 killed – 54 maimed; 53 boys – 34 girls – 1 sex unknown)
Sexual violence
children (53 girls, 0 boys)
(4 schools, 11 hospitals)
children (115 boys, 96 girls)
verified incidents

Developments & Concerns


  • The Civilian Joint Task Force sustained the progress on the 2017 action plan to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children, including through a child protection training plan and the establishment of child protection units in Civilian Joint Task Force formations in Borno State, in collaboration with the United Nations.
  • Signature into law by the Borno State Governor, in January 2022, of the Child Rights Act, which provides a framework for the protection of conflict affected children.
  • The Government’s commitment to the Safe Schools Declaration, including the hosting of the fourth International Conference on the Safe Schools Declaration.


  • Increase in the number of grave violations, particularly abductions and sexual violence, and by the elevated numbers of child casualties of killing and maiming, and of cases of the recruitment and use of children, mostly perpetrated by ISWAP and JAS.


To the Government:

  • To urgently endorse and implement the handover protocol for children associated with armed groups to civilian child protection actors, to provide access for the United Nations to all children in detention and to release all children from detention

To All Parties:

  •  To end and prevent violations and release all children.