The conflict in the Syrian Arab Republic continued throughout 2018, with an increasing number of grave violations (3,021), the highest number of violations ever verified in the country, despite security and access restrictions. In addition, 934 violations that took place in 2017 and in previous years were also verified. In January, the Government of Turkey officially launched Operation “Olive Branch” in support of groups self-affiliated with the Free Syrian Army (FSA) in northern Syrian Arab Republic. Following a five-year-long besiegement, pro-Government forces regained control over the previously besieged enclave of eastern Ghutah. April witnessed the launch of the Government’s military operations against armed groups in southern Damascus. In July, fighting between the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF), supported by the international counter-ISIL coalition, and ISIL in Hajin and Dashishah, Dayr al-Zawr, intensified, with air strikes and ground operations.
Syrian Arab RepublicStephanie Tremblay2019-08-16T12:29:42-04:00