Grave Violations

Recruitment and use
children (124 boys, 5 girls)
Killing and maiming
(12 killed – 25 maimed; 21 boys – 16 girls)
Sexual violence
children (12 girls, 0 boys)
(0 schools, 4 hospitals)
children (8 girls, 3 boys)
verified incidents

*The information below is based on the Report of the Secretary-General on children and armed conflict (A/76/871-S/2022/493) issued on 11 July 2022. Violations that occurred in previous years but were verified in 2021 have been included in the totals above.

Developments & Concerns


  • Implementation of the 2020 comprehensive action plan to end and prevent all grave violations against children.
  • Increased access to barracks provided by the Government to the United Nations for age screening exercises


  • High number of children recruited and used, particularly by Government security forces.
  • Escalating subnational violence and the impact of climate change across South Sudan.


To the Government:

  • To expedite implementation of the action plan and for the Government to budget for this accordingly.
  • To recognize importance of the implementation of the Revitalized Peace Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in the Republic of South Sudan, including its provisions relating to children.
  • To combat the prevalent impunity for grave violations and to hold perpetrators accountable, including through the designation of a focal point on children and armed conflict in the Ministry of Justice.
  • To continue cooperation of parties to conflict with the United Nations and the National Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration Commission.
  • To recognize need for child-sensitive disarmament, demobilization and reintegration, for coordinated mine action and for gender-sensitive and survivor centred reintegration and assistance programmes, including for survivors of sexual violence.

To All Parties:

  • To immediately cease and prevent all violations, to facilitate humanitarian assistance and protect humanitarian personnel, and to release associated children by the Government and other parties.