Children in Sudan. Photo: Fabienne Vinet/ OSRSG-CAAC
Children are affected by armed conflict in many different ways.
When the mandate of the Special Representative for Children and Armed Conflict was created in 1996, the UN General Assembly sought to promote the collection of information about the plight of children affected by war, raise awareness, and foster international cooperation to strengthen their protection.
In 1999, the first resolution on children and armed conflict adopted by the United Nations Security Council placed the issue of children affected by war on the Council’s agenda.
The resolution also identified and condemned six grave violations affecting children the most in times of war and asked the Secretary-General to report on the issue.